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Countries with the Biggest Gender Disparities in Workforces

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This graphic ranks the countries with the biggest gender disparities in their labor forces by contrasting the average male and female labor force participation rate and measuring the gap between them.

Data for this graphic is sourced from the World Bank, which aggregates 2023 International Labour Organization estimates.

A country’s labor force includes people aged 15+ who are working or actively looking for work in exchange for pay, profit, or shared production. Unpaid workers, family caretakers, students, and military personnel may be excluded from this count.

Ranked: Differences in Male and Female Labor Participation Rates

The top 10 countries with the highest discrepancies between male and female labor participation rates are Islamic nations:

RankCountryMale Labor Force
Participation Rate (%)Female Labor Force
Participation Rate (%)Gender Disparity
(In percentage points)

1 Afghanistan69564

2 Iraq721161

3 Pakistan812557

4 Oman883256

5 Iran711456

6 Yemen60555

7 Egypt711755

8 Algeria671750

9 Syria641450

10 Jordan631449

11 Morocco682049

12 Saudi Arabia803545

13 India773344

14 Bangladesh803743

15 Bahrain874443

16 Tunisia692742

17 Guatemala814140

18 Sudan682840

19 Sri Lanka723240

20 Kuwait864838

N/A World734924

Note: Figures rounded and based on International Labour Organization’s estimates as of 2023.

In countries such as Pakistan, Oman, and Saudi Arabia, the male labor force participation rates are higher than the global average. Meanwhile the female participation rates are 50+ percentage points lower than the corresponding male rates, and 15-25 points below the global female average.

For the other countries in the top 10 by labor participation rate differential, the average male participation rate is also below the global average. This could indicate a lack of general economic opportunities with the nation.

Finally, India (#13), Guatemala (#17) and Sri Lanka (#19) are three countries in the top 20 with a non-Islamic majority population.

The post Countries with the Biggest Gender Disparities in their Workforces appeared first on Visual Capitalist.


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