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Countries With the Most and Least Women in the Workforce

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This map shows the top and bottom 10 countries by the percentage of their women population (aged 15+) in the labor force. This is also called the female workforce participation rate.

Data for this graphic is sourced from the World Bank, which aggregates International Labour Organization estimates from 2023.

A country’s labor force includes people aged 15+ who are working or actively looking for work in exchange for pay, profit, or shared production. Unpaid workers, family caretakers, students, and military personnel (depending on the country) may be excluded from this count.

Ranked: Countries By Rate of Women in the Workforce

Madagascar, Burundi, and Mozambique have some of the highest women workforce participation rates in the world (near 80%).

Here’s a full ranking of countries by their female workforce participation rate.

RankCountryFemale Labor
Force Participation
Rate (2023)

1 Madagascar83%

2 Solomon Islands83%

3 Burundi79%

4 Mozambique78%

5 Tanzania77%

6 Ethiopia75%

7 Angola73%

8 Liberia72%

9 Kenya72%

10 Moldova72%

11 Eritrea71%

12 South Sudan70%

13 Iceland70%

14 North Korea70%

15 Cambodia70%

16 Viet Nam69%

17 New Zealand68%

18 Uganda68%

19 Azerbaijan67%

20 Cameroon67%

21 Congo67%

22 Peru66%

23 Bahamas65%

24 Ghana65%

25 Bhutan65%

26 Qatar64%

27 Malawi64%

28 Central African Republic63%

29 Sweden63%

30 Kazakhstan63%

31 Macao63%

32 DRC63%

33 St. Lucia63%

34 Niger62%

35 Norway62%

36 Netherlands62%

37 Singapore62%

38 Australia62%

39 Jamaica61%

40 Switzerland61%

41 Canada61%

42 Estonia61%

43 Timor-Leste61%

44 Haiti61%

45 Israel61%

46 Vanuatu61%

47 China61%

48 Zimbabwe60%

49 Cyprus60%

50 Bolivia60%

51 Botswana60%

52 Ireland60%

53 Denmark60%

54 Paraguay60%

55 Belarus59%

56 Thailand59%

57 Barbados59%

58 UK58%

59 Luxembourg58%

60 Finland58%

61 Burkina Faso58%

62 Lesotho58%

63 Lithuania57%

64 Malta57%

65 Austria57%

66 Benin57%

67 Cote d’Ivoire57%

68 U.S.57%

69 Germany56%

70 Gambia56%

71 Guam56%

72 Slovakia56%

73 Togo56%

74 Armenia56%

75 Laos56%

76 South Korea56%

77 Namibia56%

78 Uruguay56%

79 Latvia56%

80 Brunei55%

81 UAE55%

82 Portugal55%

83 Rwanda55%

84 St. Vincent & the Grenadines55%

85 Japan55%

86 Russia55%

87 Georgia54%

88 Hungary54%

89 Slovenia54%

90 Kyrgyz Republic54%

91 Indonesia53%

92 Ecuador53%

93 Brazil53%

94 Albania53%

95 France53%

96 Mongolia53%

97 New Caledonia53%

98 Spain53%

99 South Africa52%

100 Hong Kong52%

101 Nigeria52%

102 Zambia52%

103 Czechia52%

104 Chile52%

105 Dominican Republic52%

106 Equatorial Guinea52%

107 Malaysia52%

108 Mali52%

109 Poland52%

110 Sierra Leone52%

111 Colombia51%

112 Cabo Verde51%

113 Channel Islands51%

114 Serbia51%

115 Argentina51%

116 Belgium51%

117 Panama50%

118 Belize50%

119 Bulgaria50%

120 Honduras50%

121 French Polynesia49%

122 Montenegro49%

123 Nicaragua49%

124 Turkmenistan49%

125 Guinea-Bissau49%

126 Chad49%

127 Croatia48%

128 Kuwait48%

129 Eswatini47%

130 Philippines47%

131 Mexico47%

132 Papua New Guinea46%

133 El Salvador46%

134 Trinidad and Tobago46%

135 Greece45%

136 U.S. Virgin Islands45%

137 Costa Rica45%

138 Suriname45%

139 Bahrain44%

140 Mauritius43%

141 Tonga43%

142 Maldives43%

143 North Macedonia43%

144 Guinea42%

145 Romania42%

146 Cuba42%

147 Myanmar42%

148 Samoa41%

149 Italy41%

150 Guatemala41%

151 Bosnia & Herzegovina41%

152 Gabon40%

153 Uzbekistan40%

154 Guyana40%

155 Venezuela39%

156 Fiji39%

157 Sao Tome & Principe38%

158 Senegal38%

159 Bangladesh37%

160 Türkiye35%

161 Libya35%

162 Saudi Arabia35%

163 Comoros33%

164 India33%

165 Sri Lanka32%

166 Oman32%

167 Puerto Rico32%

168 Tajikistan32%

169 Nepal29%

170 Sudan28%

171 Lebanon28%

172 Tunisia27%

173 Mauritania26%

174 Pakistan25%

175 Somalia21%

176 Morocco20%

177 Djibouti19%

178 Algeria17%

179 Egypt17%

180 Syria14%

181 Jordan14%

182 Iran14%

183 Iraq11%

184 Yemen5%

185 Afghanistan5%


Note: Figures rounded and based on International Labour Organization’s estimates as of 2023.

On the other hand, Afghanistan and Yemen are currently estimated to have the lowest percentage of working-aged women in their workforce at 5%.

By glancing through the bottom 20, it’s apparent that countries in the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asia exhibit notably lower rates of women in the workforce.

As Our World in Data points out, female labor force participation peaks in some of the richest and poorest countries in the world. But is lowest in countries with average national incomes.

More people in the workforce can contribute to economic growth and productivity. As women make up roughly half the population, their participation can be a major driver of economic expansion.

The post Which Countries Have the Most and Least Women in the Workforce? appeared first on Visual Capitalist.

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